Agent Name

Xylenol

Alternative Name

Dimethyl phenol

CAS Number

1300-71-6

Formula

C8-H10-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Dimethyl phenol; Dimethylhydroxybenzene; Dimethylphenol; Hydroxydimethylbenzene; Phenol, dimethyl-; Stericol; Sudol; Xilenole [Spanish]; Xilenoli [Italian]; Xylenolen [Dutch]; Xylenol, pure; Dimethylphenols, liquid or soild; Phenol, dimethyl-; Xylenol (mixed isomers); Xylenols; [ChemIDplus] UN2261

Category

Phenols

Description

White crystals with a sweet, tarry odor; [HSDB] White to yellow liquid or solid; mp = 25-75 deg C; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used to produce chemical products including disinfectants and phenolic resins; [HSDB] Used in disinfectants, solvents, pharmaceuticals, insecticides, fungicides, plasticizers, rubber chemicals, wetting agents, and dyestuffs; Also used as additive to lubricants and gasolines; [Hawley]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] There are six isomers with melting points ranging from 25.4 to 75 degrees Celsius; [Merck Index] Corrosive to skin and eyes; A respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] The commercial product of mixed isomers (WES 297) is an undefined mixture of xylenols (22.5%), phenol, cresols, ethylphenols, and higher boiling alkyl phenols; No commercial product is specifically assigned to CAS# 1300-71-6; [EPA ChAMP] An eye, nose, and throat irritant; Skin contact may cause burning, local anesthesia, and discoloration; Chronic exposure may cause injury to the liver, kidney, pancreas, and spleen as well as pulmonary edema, digestive and nervous system disorders, and skin eruptions; [NTP] Human ingestion of 5,000 mg/kg caused pericarditis, lowered blood pressure, and vomiting; [RTECS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.09 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

See "2018 Notice of Intended Changes." [TLVs and BEIs]

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: