Agent Name

Glutathione

CAS Number

70-18-8

Formula

C10-H17-N3-O6-S

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Glycine, L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-; Glycine, N-(N-L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl)-; N-(N-L-gamma-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl)glycine; Copren; Deltathione; gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine; gamma-L-Glutamylcysteinylglycine; Glutathion; Glutathione (reduced); Glutathione SH; Glutathione-SH; Glutatiol; Glutatione; Glutide; Glutinal; GSH; Isethion; L-Glutathione; L-Glutatione; Ledac; Neuthion; Panaron; Reduced glutathione; Tathion; Tathione; Triptide; [ChemIDplus] L-gamma-Glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine; Agifutol S; Glutamed; Glutasan; Glutathin; Glutathiol; Tathiclon; Tationil; [Merck Index]

Category

Amino Acids and Derivatives

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Main low molecular weight thiol found in living plant and animal cells; [Merck Index] "A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides." [ChemIDplus] "Glutathione is not an essential nutrient (meaning it does not have to be obtained via food), since it can be synthesized in the body from the amino acids L-cysteine, L-glutamic acid, and glycine." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Changes in leukocyte and platelet counts and causes weight loss in 21-day oral studies of mice; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

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