Agent Name

Sulfur dichloride

CAS Number

10545-99-0

Formula

Cl2-S

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Chlorine sulfide; Dichlorosulfane; Disulfur tetrachloride; Monosulfur dichloride; Sulfur chloride; Sulphur dichloride; [ChemIDplus] UN1828

Category

Sulfur Compounds

Description

A fuming red to reddish-brown liquid with a chlorine odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate, a chlorinating agent, a vulcanizing agent, a sulfur solvent, and an additive to purify sugar juices; Also used in metallurgy; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] Releases HCL on contact with moisture and can cause irritation and burns to the upper respiratory tract and lungs; Humans tolerate 4.7 ppm without apparent adverse effects, but 30 ppm could be harmful if exposed daily for longer than one month. [HSDB] Reacts with water producing hydrogen chloride; Corrosive to skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] Sulfur chlorides release HCl, SO2, and H2S when spilled in water; [ERG 2016]

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Odor Threshold Low

0.001 ppm

Explanatory Notes

It decomposes in water; boiling point = 59 degrees C; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Sulfur chlorides." Some Water Reactive Materials are also TIH materials themselves: Sulfur chlorides; [ERG 2016]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: