Agent Name

Guanidine

CAS Number

113-00-8

Formula

C-H5-N3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Aminoformamidine; Aminomethanamidine; Carbamamidine; Carbamidine; Imidourea; Iminourea; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

Deliquescent solid; Absorbs carbon dioxide from the air; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

A strong organic base present in turnip juice, mushrooms, corn germ, rice hulls, mussels, and earthworms; Used as a therapeutic cholinergic; [Merck Index] Found in urine as a product of protein metabolism; Used in laboratory research, to treat myasthenia, and as a fluorescent probe in HPLC; [ChemIDplus] Used to make munitions, polymeric resins, flame retardants, and pharmaceuticals; [HSDB]

Comments

The chloride salt is highly irritating to the skin and eyes of rabbits and is not a skin sensitizer in guinea pigs; Symptoms of severe oral intoxication include muscle tremors and convulsive contractions, salivation, vomiting, hypoglycemia, and circulatory disturbances; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.1 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.