Agent Name

Bromobenzyl cyanide

CAS Number

5798-79-8

Formula

C8-H6-Br-N

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Acetic acid, bromophenyl-, nitrile; Acetonitrile, bromophenyl-; BBC; BBN; Benzeneacetonitrile, alpha-bromo-; Bromobenzylcyanide; Bromobenzylnitrile; CA; CA (Tear gas); Camite; alpha-Brombenzylkyanid [Czech]; alpha-Bromo-alpha-tolunitrile; alpha-Bromobenzeneacetonitrile; alpha-Bromobenzyl cyanide; alpha-Bromophenylacetonitrile; Bromo(phenyl)acetonitrile; [ChemIDplus] UN1694

Category

Tear Gas Agents

Description

Pale yellow crystals; [CAMEO] Yellowish solid with an odor of soured fruit; mp = 29 deg C; [HSDB] Pure: Yellow to white solid; Impure: Oily brown liquid; [EPA OHM/TADS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a war gas and irritant gas for law enforcement; [HSDB]

Comments

A lachrymator; [HSDB] Exposure to high concentrations may be fatal; [CAMEO] Extremely toxic; 109 ppm is lethal to humans in 5 hours; [EPA OHM/TADS]

Exposure Assessment
PEL (OSHA)

5 mg/m3, as CN

MAK

2 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as CN

IDLH (NIOSH)

25 mg/m3, as CN

Vapor Pressure

0.00465 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC (mouse) > 1,160 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

Melting point = 77 degrees F; [CAMEO] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Bromobenzyl cyanides."

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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