Agent Name

Benzene, C10-16-alkyl derivatives

CAS Number

68648-87-3

Formula

Unspecified

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Linear alkylbenzene A-315; Benzene, C10-C16 alkyl derivatives; [ChemIDplus] ALKYLATE; DETERGENT ALKYLATE; Dobane PT; LAB; Linear alkylbenzene; LINEAR ALKYLBENZENE; PETRELAB 575; PETRELAB 585; PETRELAB 600; [IUCLID] ALK215; [Huntsman Petrochemical MSDS]

Category

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Description

Liquid; [IUCLID] Clear liquid with a mild odor; [Huntsman Petrochemical MSDS]

Sources/Uses

The detergent surfactant LAS uses more than 98% of all linear alkylbenzenes; Minor uses include paper, flooring, and functional fluid industries; [Reference #1]

Comments

Skin irritation observed in 149 of 205 volunteers; No skin sensitization observed using diluted test substance; Causes mild skin and eye irritation in rabbits (classified by the EC as not irritating); Significantly reduced litter sizes, pup viability index at birth, and mean pup weight observed in the F1 and F2 generations of 2-generation oral study of rats; Teratogenic effects observed in rats at doses maternally toxic; [IUCLID] A mild eye and severe skin irritant; Causes somnolence, jaundice, and hemorrhage in dermal lethal-dose studies of rabbits; [RTECS] "Linear alkylbenzenes are not acutely toxic." [Reference #1] May cause irritation; [Huntsman Petrochemical MSDS]

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Benzene, C10-C16 alkyl derivatives - 1995

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.000245 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 1,820 mg/m3/4hr

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: