Agent Name

Linolenic acid

CAS Number

463-40-1

Formula

C18-H30-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(Z,Z,Z)-Octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid; 9-cis,12-cis,15-cis-Octadecatrienoic acid; Linolenate; all-cis-9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid; alpha-Linolenic acid; cis,cis,cis-9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid; cis-delta9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid; 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, (9Z,12Z,15Z)-; 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, (Z,Z,Z)-; Linolenic acid, crude; [ChemIDplus] 9,12,15-all-cis-Octadecatrienoic acid; cis-9,cis-12,cis-15-Octadecatrienoic acid; cis-9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid; cis-delta-9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid; [CAMEO] alpha-Lnn; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Category

Fatty Acids and Fats

Description

Colorless liquid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Essential fatty acid; Found in most drying oils; Used as a nutrient; [Merck Index] Used in biochemical research, drying oils, and cosmetics; [NTP] "a-Linolenic acid (ALA) is an organic compound found in many common vegetable oils. . . . Seed oils are the richest sources of a-linolenic acid, notably those of chia, perilla, flaxseed (linseed oil), rapeseed (canola), and soybeans." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Oxidized by air forming peroxides that may spontaneously combust; [CAMEO] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

5.4E-7 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Chemical Information

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Processes

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