Agent Name

Lithium hydroxide monohydrate

CAS Number

1310-66-3

Formula

Li-O-H.H2-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Lithium Hydroxide [USAN]; Lithium hydroxide; [ChemIDplus] Hidroxido de litio, monohidratado (Spanish DOT); Hidroxido de litio, solido (Spanish DOT); Hydroxyde de lithium, monohydrate (French DOT); Hydroxyde de lithium, solide (French DOT); Lithium hydroxide hydrate; [CAMEO] UN2680

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless hygroscopic solid; [ICSC] White odorless crystalline powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in photographic developers and alkaline storage batteries; Also used as a catalyst and in esterifications; [Merck Index]

Comments

Highly alkaline and caustic; A strong skin irritant; [Merck Index] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] May cause severe irritation; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [CAMEO] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Harmful by ingestion and inhalation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Lithium hydroxide."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

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Chemical Information

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: