Agent Name

Lithium nitrate

CAS Number

7790-69-4

Formula

H-N-O3.Li

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Nitric acid, lithium salt; [ChemIDplus] UN2722

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless deliquescent solid; [Merck Index] White to light yellow deliquescent solid; [CAMEO] Colorless hygroscopic crystals; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a laboratory reagent, heat exchange media, in rocket propellants, pyrotechnics, and ceramics; [NJ-HSFS] "This deliquescent colourless salt is an oxidizing agent used in the manufacture of red-colored fireworks and flares." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Causes normocytic anemia, changes in leukocyte counts, and hyperglycemia in 7-week intermittent oral studies of rats; [RTECS] A strong oxidizing agent that may accelerate the burning of combustible materials; May cause irritation; [CAMEO] An oxidizer that may intensify fire; May cause irritation; Targets the CNS, kidney, cardiovascular system, and thyroid; Possible carcinogen; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Lithium." See "NITRATES and NITRITES."

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