Agent Name

Hydrazine dihydrochloride

CAS Number

5341-61-7

Formula

Cl-H.1/2H4-N2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Hydrazine hydrochloride; Hydrazine, dihydrochloride; Hydrazine, hydrochloride (1:2); [ChemIDplus] UN2928

Category

Hydrazines

Description

White solid; [Merck Index] White odorless crystals; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chlorine scavenger; [Merck Index]

Comments

Causes other degenerative changes to brain, fatty liver degeneration, and other changes in urine in acute oral studies of rats; [RTECS] Toxic and corrosive; [Merck Index] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; May cause skin sensitization; Highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; Possible carcinogen; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Hydrazine."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Toxic solid, corrosive, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: