Agent Name

Hydroxylamine sulfate

CAS Number

10039-54-0

Formula

H3-N-O.1/2H2-O4-S

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Bis(hydroxylamine) sulfate; Hydroxylamine neutral sulfate; Hydroxylamine, sulfate; Hydroxylammonium sulfate; Oxammonium sulfate; Bis(hydroxylammonium) sulphate; Hydroxylamine sulphate; [ChemIDplus] Oxammoniumsulphate; [ICSC] Di(hydroxylamine) sulfate; Hydroxyl ammonium sulfate; Sulfate neutre d'hydroxylamine (French DOT; Sulfato de hidroxilamina (Spanish DOT); [CAMEO] Bis(hydroxylamine)sulfaat; Bis(hydroxylammonium)sulfat; Hydroxylammoniumsulfaat; Hydroxylammoniumsulfat; Hydroxylaminsulfat; Hydroxylammoniumsalz der Schwefelsaure; Oxammonium sulphate; [IUCLID] BHAS; [ToxPlanet: EU Risk Assessment] UN2865

Category

Hydroxylamines

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White odorless solid; [CHRIS] Colorless crystals; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a reducing agent in photography, an antioxidant for fatty acids and soaps, and a dehairing agent for hides; [Merck Index] Used mainly as an intermediate for cyclohexanone oxime or caprolactum; Also used as an intermediate (pharmaceuticals, insecticides, herbicides, and artificial sweeteners), photographic developer, vulcanizing accelerator, antioxidant for natural rubber, and inhibitor in plastic polymerizations; Other uses are surface treatment of steel, separation of uranium and plutonium, electroplating of metals and plastics, and fixing textile dyes; [ToxPlanet: EU Risk Assessment]

Comments

A skin irritant; May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, hypotension, and coma; [Merck Index] A strong reducing agent; A skin and eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; May induce methemoglobinemia; Long term or repeated exposure may cause anemia; Can be absorbed through skin; [ICSC] May cause severe skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritation; [CAMEO] A skin and eye irritant; May cause cyanosis, methemoglobinemia, convulsions, and coma; [CHRIS] May explode by shock, friction, fire, or other source of ignition; Reports of occupational contact dermatitis; [ToxPlanet: EU Risk Assessment] Causes irritation or corrosive injuries to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes; [NTP] A skin and strong eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; Harmful by ingestion; Targets the blood and CNS; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Hydroxylamine" and "Hydroxylamine hydrochloride."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: