Agent Name

Inosine

CAS Number

58-63-9

Formula

C10-H12-N4-O5

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

9-beta-D-Ribofuranosylhypoxanthine; Atorel; HXR; Hypoxanthine D-riboside; Hypoxanthine nucleoside; Hypoxanthine ribonucleoside; Hypoxanthine riboside; Hypoxanthine, 9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-; Hypoxanthosine; INO; INO 495; Inosina [INN-Spanish]; Inosinum [INN-Latin]; Oxiamin; Panholic-L; Ribonosine; Selfer; Trophicardyl; beta-D-Ribofuranoside, hypoxanthine-9; beta-Inosine; [ChemIDplus] 1,9-Dihydro-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-6H-purin-6-one; Inosie; Oxiamine; [Merck Index] Hypoxanthine 9-beta-D-ribofuranoside; (-)-Inosine; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Category

Nucleic Acids and Derivatives

Description

White crystalline solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

A cellular activator found in meat, meat extracts, and sugar beets; [Merck Index] "A purine nucleoside that has hypoxanthine linked by the N9 nitrogen to the C1 carbon of ribose. It is an intermediate in the degradation of purines and purine nucleosides to uric acid and in pathways of purine salvage. It also occurs in the anticodon of certain transfer RNA molecules. (Dorland, 28th ed)" [ChemIDplus]

Comments

Causes changes in thymus weight, normocytic anemia, and changes in blood serum composition in 93-day oral studies of rats; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.4E-14 mm Hg

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