Agent Name

Inositol

CAS Number

87-89-8

Formula

C6-H12-O6

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-Cyclohexanehexol, cis-; Dambose; Inosital; Inositene; Inositina; Inositol, i-; Inositol, meso-; Inositol, myo-; Insitolum; Iso-inositol; Isoinositol; Meat sugar; Mesoinosit; Mesoinosite; Mesoinositol; Mesol; Mesovit; Myoinosite; Myoinositol; Nucite; Phaseomannite; Phaseomannitol; Scyllite; i-Inositol; meso-Inositol; myo-Inositol; cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-Cyclohexanehexol; [ChemIDplus] Hexahydroxycyclohexane; Cyclohexanehexol; Cyclohexitol; Inosite; Bios I; Rat antispectacled eye factor; Mouse antialopecia factor; [Merck Index]

Category

Monosaccharides and Derivatives

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White crystalline powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

A growth factor in many plants and animals; [Merck Index] Used as a nutritional supplement; [FDA] "An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been identified in man. [From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p. 1379] Inositol a polyol of cyclohexane. It is a carbohydrate, but not a classical sugar, used as a messenger in eukaryotic cells. {Wikipedia] "Inositol phospholipids are important in signal transduction." [ChemIDplus]

Comments

May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.05E-9 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
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