Agent Name

Aluminum phosphide

CAS Number

20859-73-8

Formula

Al-P

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

AL-Phos; AlP; Aluminium fosfide [Dutch]; Aluminum monophosphide; Celphide; Celphine; Celphos; Celphos (indian); Delicia; Delicia gastoxin; Detia; Detia gas Ex-B; Detia-Ex-B; Fosfuri di alluminio [Italian]; Fumitoxin; Gastion; Phosphures d'alumium [French]; Phostoxin; Phostoxin-A; Quickphos; UN 1397; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Phosphides

Description

Dark gray or dark yellow crystals; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used as an insecticide, fumigant, and source of phosphine in semiconductor production; [Hawley]

Comments

Reacts with water to form the highly toxic and flammable phosphine; [Hawley] See "PHOSPHIDES." See "Phosphine."

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - ALUMINUM PHOSPHIDE

Exposure Assessment
Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Vapor Pressure

3.39E-11 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (men) = 2,800 mg/m3

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Flammability (NFPA)

4: Burns readily

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: