Agent Name

Lactose

CAS Number

63-42-3

Formula

C12-H22-O11

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(+)-Lactose; 4-(beta-D-Galactosido)-D-glucose; 4-O-beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-glucose; AHL; Aletobiose; D-Glucose, 4-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-; D-Lactose; Fast-flo; Fast-flo Lactose; Galactinum; Lactin; Lactin (carbohydrate); Lactobiose; Lactose Fast-flo; Lactose, anhydrous; Milk sugar; Pharmatose 21; Pharmatose 450M; Saccharum lactin; Tablettose; Zeparox EP; D-(+)-Lactose; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Disaccharides

Description

White solid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Found in the milk of mammals; Used as a nutrient, pharmaceutic aid, and chromatographic adsorbent; [Merck Index] Used in digestive aids, weight control products, bacteriology, confectionery, and to make margarine, butter, penicillin, yeast, edible protein, and riboflavin; [HSDB] Used as a flavoring agent, formulation aid, lubricant or release agent, nutritive sweetener, malting or fermenting aid, oxidizing or reducing agent, solvent, surface-active agent, and stabilizer or thickener for foods; [FDA] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Occurs in alpha and beta forms (alpha is predominant form of commerce); [Merck Index] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

8.09E-17 mm Hg

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