Agent Name

Neopentane

CAS Number

463-82-1

Formula

C5-H12

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

2,2-Dimethylpropane; tert-Pentane; Tetramethylmethane; [ACGIH]

Category

Aliphatics, Saturated (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor; [ACGIH] Gas at room temperature and pressure; Shipped as a liquefied gas; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, a blowing agent, and to manufacture low-temperature thermometers and butyl rubber; [ACGIH]

Comments

Narcosis and irritation are "Critical Effects." [ACGIH] See "n-Pentane."

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

1000 ppm

PEL (OSHA)

1000 ppm

MAK

1000 ppm

Vapor Pressure

1290 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

400 ppm

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold from ACGIH; MP = -16.6 degrees C; BP = 9.5 degrees C; [ACGIH]

Flammability (NFPA)

4: Burns readily

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: