Agent Name

L-Carnitine

CAS Number

541-15-1

Formula

C7-H15-N-O3

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(-)-Carnitine; (-)-L-Carnitine; (L-3-Carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide, inner salt; (R)-Carnitine; 1-Propanaminium, 3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, hydroxide, inner salt, (R)-; Ammonium, (3-carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethyl-, hydroxide, inner salt, L-; Carnitine; Carnitine, (-)-; Carnitolo; Carnitor; Carnitor SF; Carnovis; Carrier; Karnitin; L-(-)-Carnitine; Lefcar; Levocarnitina [Spanish]; Levocarnitine; Levocarnitinum [Latin]; Metina; ST 198; Vitamin BT; l-Carnitine; (R)-(3-Carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide; [ChemIDplus] L-(3-carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide inner salt; (-)-beta-Hydroxy-gamma-trimethylaminobutyric acid; Carnicor; Levocarnil; Nefrocarnit; Cardiogen; L-Carn; Lefcar; Miocor; Miotonal; [Merck Index] R(-)-beta-Hydroxy-gamma-(N,N,N-trimethylammonio)butyrate; [HSDB]

Category

Amino Acids and Derivatives

Description

Highly hygroscopic solid; [Merck Index] Crystalline solid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

An essential cofactor in fatty acid metabolism; Highest concentrations in red meat, dairy, beans, and avocado; Used as a vitamin; [Merck Index] "Carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine and methionine. In living cells, it is required for the transport of fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria during the breakdown of lipids (fats) for the generation of metabolic energy. It is widely available as a nutritional supplement. Carnitine was originally found as a growth factor for mealworms and labeled vitamin BT, although carnitine is not a proper vitamin." [Wikipedia]

Comments

May cause irritation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.