Agent Name

Mercuric chloride

CAS Number

7487-94-7

Formula

Hg-Cl2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Abavit B; Bichloride of mercury; Bichlorure de mercure [French]; Calo-Clor; Calochlor; Calocure; Chlorid rtutnaty [Czech] Chlorure mercurique [French]; Chlorure mercurique [ISO-French]; Cloruro di mercurio [Italian]; Corrosive mercury chloride; Corrosive sublimate; Dichloromercury; Fungchex; Hydraargyrum bichloratum; Mercuric bichloride; Mercury bichloride; Mercury chloride (HgCl2) Mercury dichloride; Mercury perchloride; Mercury(2+) chloride; Mercury(II) chloride; Perchloride of mercury; Quecksilber chlorid [German]; Sublimat [Czech]; Sublimate; Sulem; Sulema [Russian]; UN1624; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Mercury Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White solid; [CHRIS]

Sources/Uses

Used as an antiseptic, disinfectant, veterinarian medication, and dry battery electrolyte; Used to stain and preserve wood, embalm tissues, develop photos, print fabrics, tan leather, treat furs, electroplate aluminum, etch steel, and separate gold from lead; Used in the past as an insecticide/fungicide and a catalyst to produce vinyl chloride; [HSDB] Used in photography (platinum toner and intensifier); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] Highly toxic by ingestion; Lethal dose for inorganic mercury salts is about 1 gram; A skin and eye irritant; [CHEMINFO MSDS] May cause skin sensitization; [ICSC] See "Mercury, inorganic compounds" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.02 mg/m3, as Hg

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

MAK

0.02 mg/m3

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3, as Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (mice) = 300 mg/m3/10 min

Explanatory Notes

VP = 1 mm Hg @ 136.2 degrees C; [HSDB] Exposure values are for "Mercury, inorganic compounds, as Hg."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: