Agent Name

Methyl dichloroacetate

CAS Number

116-54-1

Formula

C3-H4-Cl2-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Dichloroacetic acid methyl ester; Methyl 2,2-dichloroacetate; Acetic acid, 2,2-dichloro-, methyl ester; Acetic acid, dichloro-, methyl ester; [ChemIDplus] Dichloracetate de methyle (French DOT); Dichloroacetic acid, methyl ester; Dicloroacetato de metilo (Spanish DOT); Methyl dichloroethanoate; [CAMEO] UN2299

Category

Halogenated Esters

Description

Colorless liquid with an ethereal odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used to make other chemicals; [CAMEO]

Comments

Reacts with water producing dichloroacetic acid; Corrosive to tissue; [CAMEO] Hydrolyzed evolving corrosive products; Causes severe skin irritation and serious eye injury; Brief contact can causes second- and third-degree skin burns; Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema and chemical pneumonitis; [CHRIS] Causes focal lung fibrosis and GI changes in inhalation lethal-concentration studies of rats; [RTECS] Reacts with water; Causes burns (especially if skin is wet or moist); Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 2,000 ppm/30min

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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