Agent Name

Sodium chlorite

CAS Number

7758-19-2

Formula

Cl-H-O2.Na

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Alcide LD; Chlorite sodium; Chlorous acid, sodium salt; Neo Silox D; Textone; UN1496; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Inorganic Oxidizing Agents

Description

Colorless crystals or powder; technical grade is a white solid with a slightly greenish tint; [CHEMINFO] White solid; Formulated as soluble concentrates and ready-to-use liquids; [Reference #1]

Sources/Uses

Used for onsite production of chlorine dioxide; [CHEMINFO] Used to generate chlorine dioxide for antimicrobial applications in potable water systems, paper mill water systems, oil field injection, cutting fluids, and general disinfection in agricultural, industrial, medical, commercial, and residential facilities; [Reference #1]

Comments

A strong irritant of the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; [HSDB] A strong oxidizer that promotes combustion; Concentrated solutions may be corrosive to the skin and eyes; Mild hemolytic anemia and increased methemoglobin in males observed in animal feeding studies; [CHEMINFO] A strong oxidizing agent that is incompatible with organic materials; [Reference #1]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 230 mg/m3/4hr

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: