Agent Name

Ammonium perchlorate

CAS Number

7790-98-9

Formula

Cl-O4.H4-N

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Perchloric acid, ammonium salt; UN0402; UN1442; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Perchlorates

Description

White solid crystals; [CHRIS]

Sources/Uses

Used in explosives, fireworks, rocket fuels, adhesives, feed additives, and life support systems for generating oxygen; Used as an engraving agent, a laboratory reagent, and a chemical intermediate for other perchlorates; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

Powerful oxidizer and explosive hazard; Concentrated solutions are probably not irritating to the skin; May induce methemoglobinemia after ingestion; [CHEMINFO] The LC (rats and mice) is >300 mg/m3. Observed effects include seizures and liver damage. [ChemIDplus] Irritating to skin and mucous membranes; [CHRIS] See "PERCHLORATES."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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Processes

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