Agent Name

Adamsite

Alternative Name

Phenarsazine chloride

CAS Number

578-94-9

Formula

C12-H9-As-Cl-N

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Phenarsazine chloride; DM; Diphenylaminechloroarsine; Diphenylamine chloroarsine; UN1698;

Category

Chemical Weapons

Description

Yellow crystals with irritating and nauseating vapors; [CAMEO]

Comments

"The majority of exposures occur by inhalation and typically lead to symptoms of ocular, nasal, and respiratory tract irritation. Nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g., vomiting or diarrhea) might also occur. The effects of adamsite poisoning take minutes to begin and might last for hours. If a rapid onset of manifestations of one of the following respiratory effects occurs, the clinical description for adamsite poisoning has been met: nose or throat irritation, cough, or dyspnea." [CDC] Direct contact with the material may cause severe burns of the skin and eyes; [CAMEO]

Reference Link

CDC | Case Definition: Adamsite Poisoning

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: