Agent Name

Amyl nitrate

CAS Number

1002-16-0

Formula

C5-H11-N-O3

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Amylester kyseliny dusicne [Czech]; Nitrate d'amyle [French]; Nitric acid, pentyl ester; Pentyl nitrate; [ChemIDplus] 1-Pentyl nitrate; Diesel ignition improver; n-Amyl nitrate, n-Pentyl nitrate; Nitrato de amilo (Spanish DOT); [CAMEO] UN1112

Category

Nitrates and Nitrites

Description

Clear colorless liquid with an ether-like odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as an additive in diesel fuels; [CAMEO]

Comments

Causes convulsions, acute pulmonary edema, and renal tubular changes in inhalation lethal-concentration studies of guinea pigs; Causes convulsions and cyanosis in inhalation lethal-concentration studies of rabbits; [RTECS] A strong oxidizing agent; [CAMEO] May cause mild skin irritation; An eye irritant; May induce methemoglobinemia; [CHRIS] See "Butyl nitrate." See "Amyl nitrite."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

5.07 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (mouse) = 1,807 ppm/7hr

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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