Agent Name

Aluminum bromide

CAS Number

7727-15-3

Formula

Al-Br3

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Aluminum bromide, anhydrous; Aluminum tribromide; Tribromoaluminum; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Whitish-yellow to yellowish-red crystals or lumps with a pungent odor; Deliquescent; Fumes in moist air; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in organic synthesis; [HSDB]

Comments

Contact with substance may cause severe burns; Decomposes when burned to form corrosive gases; Reacts with water to form increased concentration of fumes; Experiments show that "there is essentially no HBr gas formation; the substance is quite unreactive." [CAMEO] Causes tissue burns; Oral LD50 (rats) = 1598 mg/kg; [HSDB] Corrosive; Harmful if swallowed; Reacts violently with water; Inhalation can cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] See "Bromine." See "Aluminum."

Exposure Assessment
Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Explanatory Notes

VP = 1 mm Hg at 81.3 degrees C; [HSDB] The Guide from the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Aluminum bromide, anhydrous."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: