Agent Name

n-Butyronitrile

CAS Number

109-74-0

Formula

C4-H7-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Cyanopropane; Butane nitrile; Butanenitrile; Butyric acid nitrile; Butyronitrile; Butyrylonitrile; Propyl cyanide; n-Butanenitrile; n-Butyronitrile; n-Propyl cyanide; [ChemIDplus] UN2411

Category

Nitriles

Description

Colorless liquid with a sharp, suffocating odor; Note: Forms cyanide in the body; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries; [HSDB]

Comments

Experimental animals have convulsions and die with an oral LD50 of 50-100 mg/kg; Hazardous occupational exposures can occur by the inhalation or dermal routes; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

19.5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 1,000 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

NIOSH REL = 8 ppm; Flash point = 17 deg C;

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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