Agent Name

Piperine

CAS Number

94-62-2

Formula

C17-H19-N-O3

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl-1-oxo-2,4-pentadienyl-piperine; 1-(5-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-oxo-2,4-pentadienyl)piperidine, (E,E)-; 1-Piperoylpiperidine; 1-Piperoylpiperidine, (E,E)-; Bioperine; Piperidine, 1-(5-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-oxo-2,4-pentadienyl)-, (E,E)-; Piperidine, 1-piperoyl-, (E,E)-; Piperin; Piperoylpiperidine; 2,4-Pentadien-1-one, 5-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-(1-piperidinyl)-, (2E,4E)-; Piperidine, 1-((2E,4E)-5-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-oxo-2,4-pentadienyl)-; [ChemIDplus] (2E,4E)-5-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-(1-piperidinyl)-2,4-pentadien-1-one; 1-[(2E,4E)-5-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-1-oxo-2,4-pentadienyl]piperidine; (E,E)-1-Piperoylpiperidine; [Merck Index]

Category

Food Additives

Description

Light yellow to yellow solid with a pungent odor; [Reference #1] Light yellow solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Obtained from black pepper and used in brandy (pungent taste) and as an insecticide; [Merck Index] Used as a repellent (unpleasant odor and taste) for dogs, cats, ground hogs, squirrels, skunks, and raccoons; [Reference #1] Used as a flavoring agent; [FDA] "Piperine is the alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper, along with chavicine (an isomer of piperine). It has also been used in some forms of traditional medicine and as an insecticide." [Wikipedia]

Comments

A mild skin and eye irritant; [Reference #1] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] May cause irritation; Harmful by ingestion; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.3E-7 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.