Agent Name

Glycolonitrile

CAS Number

107-16-4

Formula

C2-H3-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Hydroxyacetonitrile; 2-Hydroxyethanenitrile; Acetonitrile, hydroxy-; Cyanomethanol; Formaldehyde cyanohydrin; Glycolic nitrile; Glyconitrile; Glykolonitril [Czech]; Hydroxyacetonitrile; Hydroxyactonitrile; Hydroxyazetonitril [German]; Hydroxymethylkyanid [Czech]; Hydroxymethylnitrile; Methylene cyanohydrin; alpha-Hydroxymethylcyanide; [ChemIDplus] UN2810

Category

Nitriles

Description

Colorless, odorless, oily liquid; Note: Forms cyanide in the body; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used to produce pharmaceuticals and synthetic resins; [HSDB]

Comments

Can cause cyanide poisoning by inhalation or skin routes of exposure; [HSDB] A lachrymator; [CHEMINFO]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.2 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 27 ppm/8h

Explanatory Notes

NIOSH 15 min. ceiling = 2 ppm; Flash point > 200 deg F;

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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