Agent Name

Nitrosyl chloride

CAS Number

2696-92-6

Formula

Cl-N-O

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Nitrogen chloride oxide; Nitrogen oxychloride; Nitrosonium chloride; UN1069; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Reddish-yellow liquid/crystals or yellow gas with a choking odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as a flour bleaching agent and a chemical intermediate; a byproduct formed during the use of aqua regia; [HSDB] Aqua regia is a mixture of 1 part nitric acid and 3 to 4 parts of hydrochloric acid used in metallurgy to test metals and to dissolve platinum, gold, and other metals. [Hawley]

Comments

Inhalation of high concentrations can cause pulmonary edema; [HSDB] Reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid; [CAMEO] Corrosive to skin and eyes; [NJ-HSFS]

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Vapor Pressure

2410 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Boiling point = 21.6 degrees F; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Diseases

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