Agent Name

Trimethylacetyl chloride

Alternative Name

Pivaloyl chloride

CAS Number

3282-30-2

Formula

C5-H9-Cl-O

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

2,2-Dimethylpropanoyl chloride; Pivaloyl chloride; Propanoyl chloride, 2,2-dimethyl-; UN2438; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Colorless to yellow liquid with a pungent odor; [CHEMINFO MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate; [CHEMINFO MSDS]

Comments

Rats die after 2 minutes of exposure to an atmosphere saturated with trimethylacetyl chloride at room temperature; Corrosive to skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; [CHEMINFO MSDS] Very toxic by inhalation; [CAMEO]

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Vapor Pressure

1.18 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Boiling point = 105-106 deg F; Flash point = 48 deg F; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: