Agent Name

2,3-Dimethylpentane

CAS Number

565-59-3

Formula

C7-H16

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

3,4-Dimethylpentane; Pentane, 2,3-dimethyl-; [ChemIDplus] UN1206

Category

Aliphatics, Saturated (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with an odor of gasoline; [NJ-HSFS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make other chemicals, in gasoline, rubber solvents, and other petroleum solvents; [NJ-HSFS]

Comments

Causes changes in tubules (including acute renal failure and necrosis) in 4-week intermittent oral studies of rats; [RTECS] An irritant; Inhalation may cause headache, dizziness, and loss of consciousness; Overexposure may cause kidney and nervous system effects; [NJ-HSFS] An irritant; An aspiration hazard by ingestion (may cause lung damage); Inhalation may cause CNS depression; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

400 ppm

STEL (ACGIH)

500 ppm

Vapor Pressure

68.9 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Heptanes."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: