Agent Name

2,4-Dimethylpentane

CAS Number

108-08-7

Formula

C7-H16

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Pentane, 2,4-dimethyl-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Aliphatics, Saturated (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

A minor constituent of commercial hexane mixtures; [ExPub: EPA - PPRTV] Comprises approximately 35% of the C4-6 isopentene rich reaction products (IRRP) fraction stream (CAS# 108083-88-9); [EPA ChAMP: Hazard Characterization]

Comments

Similar compounds demonstrate a low order of acute oral, dermal, and inhalation toxicity in experimental animals; adverse neurological effects and histopathological liver changes in repeated-dose inhalation studies; limited evidence of teratogenicity and adverse effects to male reproductive system; no strong evidence of mutagenicity; [EPA ChAMP: Hazard Characterization] A skin irritant; Has a narcotic effect; Harmful by ingestion (may cause lung damage by aspiration); [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "n-Heptane."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

400 ppm

STEL (ACGIH)

500 ppm

Vapor Pressure

79.4 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: