Agent Name

Perfluoropropane

CAS Number

76-19-7

Formula

C3-F8

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

C3F8-gas; DMP 115; Definity; FC 218; FC 218 (refrigerant); FS069; Freon 218; Genetron 218; HFC 218; MRX-115; Octafluoropropane; PFC 218; Perflutren; Perflutren Lipid Microsphere; Perflutren Protein-Type A Microspheres injection; R 218; Propane, 1,1,1,2,2,3,3,3-octafluoro-; Propane, octafluoro-; [ChemIDplus] 1,1,1,2,2,3,3,3-Octafluoropropane; [Merck Index] Halon-38; Halocarbon 218; Refrigerant gas R238; C3F8; [ILMO Products MSDS] UN2424

Category

Halogenated Aliphatics, Saturated

Description

Colorless gas; [Merck Index] Colorless pressurized gas with a faint sweet odor; [ILMO Products MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a high voltage insulator, refrigerant, plasma processing gas, fire retardant, ultrasound contrast agent, and in repair of retinal detachment; [Merck Index]

Comments

A mild skin irritant; Causes zonal hepatitis, ulceration from the large intestine, change in righting reflex, dyspnea, and cyanosis in acute intravenous studies of rodents; Causes chronic pulmonary edema and hemorrhage in 3-week intravenous studies of rats; [RTECS] Non-flammable and non-ozone depleting fluorocarbon gas; [Merck Index] An asphyxiant; Liquid may cause frostbite; [ILMO Products MSDS] See "1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane" and "1,2-Dichlorohexafluoropropane."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Simple Asphyxiant

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