Agent Name

Phenylalanine

CAS Number

63-91-2

Formula

C9-H11-N-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(L)-Phenylalanine; (S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid; (S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid; (S)-Phenylalanine; (S)-alpha-Amino-benzenepropanoic acid; (S)-alpha-Amino-beta-phenylpropionic acid; (S)-alpha-Aminohydrocinnamic acid; 2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid, L-; 3-Phenyl-L-alanine; 3-Phenylalanine; Alanine, 3-phenyl-; Antibiotic FN 1636; Benzenepropanoic acid, alpha-amino-, (S)-; Fenilalanina [Spanish]; Hydrocinnamic acid, alpha-amino-; L-Alanine, 3-phenyl-; L-Alanine, phenyl-; L-Antibiotic FN 1636; Phenylalaninum [Latin]; alpha-Amino-beta-phenylpropionic acid, L-; alpha-Aminohydrocinnamic acid, L-; beta-Phenyl-L-alanine; Alanine, phenyl-, L-; L-Phenylalanine; Phenylalanine, L-; [ChemIDplus] Phe; F; beta-Phenylalanine; alpha-Aminohydrocinnamic acid; alpha-Amino-beta-phenylpropionic acid; [Merck Index]

Category

Amino Acids and Derivatives

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White odorless solid; [CAMEO] White powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

An essential amino acid; Used in the artificial sweetener aspartame (a methyl ester of aspartic acid/phenylalanine); [Merck Index] Used as a flavoring agent and nutritional supplement; [FDA]

Comments

Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.65E-8 mm Hg

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