Agent Name

Potassium thiocyanate

CAS Number

333-20-0

Formula

C-N-S.K

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Arterocyn; Aterocyn; Kyonate; Potassium isothiocyanate; Potassium rhodanate; Potassium sulfocyanate; Potassium thiocyanide; Rhocya; Rodanca; Thio-cara; Thiocyanic acid, potassium salt; [ChemIDplus] Potassium rhodanide; [Merck Index]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless deliquescent solid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used to make mustard oil, for printing and dyeing textiles, in photography (intensifier), and as a therapeutic hypotensive; [Merck Index] Used as a contact fungicide for green house vegetables and ornamentals and green house and open field strawberries; [ExPub: EFSA: DAR - Vol. 1]

Comments

Toxic effects include skin eruptions, psychosis, and collapse; [Merck Index] May cause CNS effects (excitement and convulsions); Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause thyroid and CNS effects leading to impaired function and hypothyroidism; [ICSC] Human ingestion of 80 mg/kg causes hallucinations, convulsions, and muscle weakness; Human ingestion of 428 mg/kg causes toxic psychosis, hallucinations, and gastritis; [RTECS] Sheep exposed orally during gestation produced goiter in newborn lambs; Effects to female fertility observed in rats at high doses; Another study demonstrated maternal and fetal toxicity with no increase in congenital defects; [REPROTOX] Harmful by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; Targets the CNS, cardiovascular system, and thyroid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Sodium thiocyanate."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: