Agent Name

Benzyl acetate

CAS Number

140-11-4

Formula

C9-H1O-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Acetic acid, benzyl ester; Acetic acid, phenylmethyl ester; alpha-Acetoxytoluene; Benzyl acetate (natural); Benzyl ethanoate; Benzylester kyseliny octove [Czech]; Phenylmethyl acetate; Phenylmethyl ethanoate; [ChemIDplus] Acetoxymethylbenzene; [CHEMINFO] (Acetoxymethyl)benzene; [CAMEO] Benteine; [IUCLID]

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with an odor of jasmine or pears; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a fragrance, flavoring agent, and solvent; Also used in inks, varnish removers, oils, lacquers, and polishes; [CHEMINFO] Found in many plants, especially jasmine; [Merck Index] Used as a flavoring agent; [FDA]

Comments

Causes respiratory tract irritation in the range of 50-160 ppm; [CHEMINFO] Has anesthetic effects at high concentrations in animal studies; [ChemIDplus] Included in list of "fragrance substances with negative human data, i.e. patch tests of patients with suspected contact allergy to fragrance ingredients which yielded negative results."; [ToxPlanet: EC: Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety: Fragrance allergens in cosmetic products (2011)] An irritant; May cause smarting and reddening of skin if spilled and allowed to remain on clothes; [CHRIS] Vapor causes eye and respiratory tract irritation; May cause effects on the CNS and kidneys; [ICSC] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; Acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 0-5 mg/kg; [JECFA] A skin and strong eye irritant; May cause CNS depression; Targets nerves and kidney; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

10 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.17 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (cat) = 245 ppm/8hr

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: