Agent Name

n-Butyl propionate

CAS Number

590-01-2

Formula

C7-H14-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Butyl propanoate; Butyl propionate; Butyl propionate (natural); Propanoic acid, butyl ester; Propionic acid, butyl ester; n-Butyl propanoate; [ChemIDplus] Propanoic acid butyl ester; Propionic acid butyl ester; n-Butyl proprionate; [CAMEO] UN1914

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless to straw-colored liquid; [CHRIS] Odor like apples; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used to make perfumes and flavorings; [CAMEO] Naturally occurring in fruits; Used for high solid coatings in automotive finishes, appliance coatings, enamels, lacquers, and printing inks, as a solvent for adhesives and nitrocellulose, and in polymerization reactions for acrylic resins; [EPA ChAMP: Submission] Used as a flavoring agent; [FDA]

Comments

No listed effects of short-term or long-term exposure; [ICSC] A skin and eye irritant; [CHRIS] Not a skin sensitizer in guinea pig maximization test; No developmental toxicity observed in rats in the presence of maternal toxicity; No effects to reproductive organs observed in 13-week inhalation study of rats; No changes observed in neurobehavioral functional observation battery (FOB) following repeated inhalation exposures in rats; No evidence of mutagenicity; [EPA ChAMP: Submission] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] An irritant that may cause serious eye injury; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.42 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 4,000 ppm

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Butyl propionates."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: