Agent Name

Propyl formate

CAS Number

110-74-7

Formula

C4-H8-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Formiate de propyle [French]; Formic acid, propyl ester; Propyl formate; Propyl methanoate; Propylester kyseliny mravenci [Czech]; n-Propyl formate; Propyl formates; [ChemIDplus] Formiatos de propilo (Spanish DOT); [CAMEO] UN1281

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid with a pleasant odor; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as flavoring agent or adjuvant; [FDA]

Comments

Causes somnolence in oral lethal-dose studies of rats and mice; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation may have narcotic effects; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Ethyl formate."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

82.6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Propyl formates."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: