Agent Name

Pyridoxine

CAS Number

65-23-6

Formula

C8-H11-N-O3

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

2-Methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine; 2-Methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-di(hydroxymethyl)pyridine; 2-Methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-dihydroxymethyl-pyridin; 2-Methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-dihydroxymethyl-pyridin [German]; 2-Methyl-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)-3-hydroxypyridine; 2-Picoline-4,5-dimethanol, 3-hydroxy-; 3,4-Pyridinedimethanol, 5-hydroxy-6-methyl-; 3-Hydroxy-4,5-dimethylol-alpha-picoline; 5-Hydroxy-6-methyl-3,4-pyridinedimethanol; Adermine; Gravidox; Hydoxin; Piridossina [DCIT]; Piridoxina [INN-Spanish]; Pyridoxin; Pyridoxinum [INN-Latin]; Pyridoxol; Pyridoxolum; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Vitamins and Derivatives

Description

White powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

The 4-methanol form of vitamin B6 that is converted to the coenzyme pyridoxal phosphate; [ChemIDplus] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Has been tested in humans to relieve nausea and vomiting during pregnancy; Chronic ingestion of gram quantities can cause ataxia and sensory neuropathy; Has demonstrated testicular toxicity in rats; [REPROTOX] An irritant; May have cumulative adverse effects; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Pyridoxine hydrochloride."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.84E-7 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
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