Agent Name

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

CAS Number

58-56-0

Formula

C8-H11-N-O3.Cl-H

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

2-Methyl-3-hydroxy-4,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)pyridine hydrochloride; 3,4-Pyridinedimethanol, 5-hydroxy-6-methyl-, hydrochloride; 3-Hydroxy-4,5-dihydroxymethyl-2-methylpyridine hydrochloride; 3-Hydroxy-4,5-dimethylol-alpha-picoline hydrochloride; 4,5-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpyridin-3-ol hydrochloride; 4,5-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-3-hydroxy-2-methylpyridine hydrochloride; 5-Hydroxy-6-methyl-3,4-pyridinedicarbinol hydrochloride; 5-Hydroxy-6-methyl-3,4-pyridinedimethanol hydrochloride; 5-Hydroxy-6-methyl-3,4-pyridinedimethanol, hydrochloride; Aderomine hydrochloride; Aderoxin; Aderoxine; Alestrol; Becilan; Beesix; Benadon; Bonadoxin; Bonasanit; Campoviton 6; Godabion; Gravidox; Hexa-Betalin; Hexa-Betalin (R); Hexabione hydrochloride; Hexavibex; Hexermin; Hexobion; Hydoxin; Paxadon; Pydox; Pyridipca; Pyridox; Pyridoxin hydrochloride; Pyridoxine HCl; Pyridoxine chloride; Pyridoxine monohydrochloride; Pyridoxinium chloride; Pyridoxinum hydrochloricum (Hungarian); Pyridoxol hydrochloride; Rodex; Rodex (R); Vitamin B6 hydrochloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Vitamins and Derivatives

Description

Colorless or white solid; [HSDB] White powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Vitamin B6 complex found in many foods, especially yeast, liver, and cereals; Used as a vitamin (enzyme cofactor); [Merck Index] Used as a basic industrial chemical, for other industrial applications, in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, as a food additive, and laboratory chemical; [IUCLID] Used as a nutritional supplement; [FDA]

Comments

Causes convulsions, excitement, other liver changes, and multiple enzyme effects in acute oral studies of rats; [RTECS] Excessive, chronic ingestion (2-5 g/d for several months) can cause peripheral neuropathy; [Olson, p. 397] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

6.41E-8 mm Hg

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Health Studies

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