Agent Name

Kerosene

CAS Number

8008-20-6

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Fuel Oil No. 1; Range oil; [NIOSH] Deodourized kerosene; Deobase; Deodorized kerosine; Ultrasene; [CHEMINFO] UN1223

Category

Petroleum, Refined

Description

Colorless to yellowish, oily liquid with a strong, characteristic odor; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used in jet, diesel, and tractor fuels; also used as a heating fuel and solvent; [Hawley]

Comments

TSCA Definition 2008: A mixture of crude oil distillates with carbon numbers of C9 to C16 and boiling points of 180 deg C to 300 deg C; [ChemIDplus] Petroleum distillates, e.g., VM & P naphtha and kerosene, can cause anesthesia, slowing of reflexes, and dermatitis. They may contain n-hexane with the potential to cause peripheral neuropathy. [LaDou, p. 543] Kerosene is a refined petroleum solvent (predominantly C9-C16), which typically is 25% normal paraffins, 11% branched paraffins, 30% monocycloparaffins, 12% dicycloparaffins, 1% tricycloparaffins, 16% mononuclear aromatics, and 5% dinuclear aromatics. [NIOSH] Gasoline (C8-C10) causes trivial liver injury in animal studies; No known injury in human cases; [Haddad, p. 226t] See "Distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated light," "Naphtha (petroleum), hydrotreated heavy," and "Solvent naphtha (petroleum), heavy aliphatic."

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs - Fuel Oils / Kerosene

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

200 mg/m3, total hydrocarbon vapor

Vapor Pressure

0.48 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

3 mg/m3

Lethal Concentration

LC50 > 5,000 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

Detection odor threshold from CHEMINFO; IARC designation is for jet fuels only;

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Animal

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: