Agent Name

Tetramethylammonium chloride

CAS Number

75-57-0

Formula

C4-H12-N.Cl

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Ammonium, tetramethyl-, chloride; Methanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride; N,N,N-Trimethylmethanaminium chloride; Tetramine chloride; [ChemIDplus] N,N,N-Trimethylmethanamium chloride; [ICSC] TMAC; [ToxPlanet: EPA - TSCATS] UN2811

Category

Quaternary Amines

Description

White hygroscopic solid; [ICSC] White odorless powder; Hygroscopic; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a clay stabilizer in hydraulic fracturing fluids, as a chemical intermediate, catalyst, and inhibitor; [HSDB]

Comments

Causes somnolence and convulsions in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause CNS effects; [ICSC] A skin and strong eye irritant; Toxic by ingestion; Harmful by skin absorption; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.2E-8 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Toxic solid, organic, n.o.s."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: