Agent Name

Sodium carbonate decahydrate

CAS Number

6132-02-1

Formula

C-H2-O3.10H2-O.2Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Carbonic acid disodium salt, decahydrate; Natrii carbonas decahydricus; Natrium carbonicum decahydricum; Natrium-carbonat-10-wasser; Natrium-carbonat-dekahydrat; [ChemIDplus] Nevite; Soda; [Merck Index]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Transparent solid; Effloesces in air; mp= 30 deg C; [Merck Index] Colorless hygroscopic crystals; mp = 32-34 deg C; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Occurs naturally in deposits of natron; Used to make sodium salts, glass, and soap; Used for washing wool and other textiles, bleaching linen and cotton, and water-softening; Also used in photography, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production (alkalizer), and veterinary medicine (emetic and skin cleanser/softener; [Merck Index] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Commercial product referred to as sal soda or washing soda; Overexposure to dust or vapor causes mucous membrane irritation and coughing; A skin irritant; [Merck Index] A skin, mucous membrane, and severe eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Sodium carbonate."

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Chemical Information

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Processes

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