Agent Name

Bendiocarb

CAS Number

22781-23-3

Formula

C11-H13-N-O4

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

1,3-Benzodioxol-4-ol, 2,2-dimethyl-, methylcarbamate; 1,3-Benzodioxole, 2,2-dimethyl-4-(N-methylaminocarboxylato)-; 1,3-Benzodioxole, 2,2-dimethyl-4-(N-methylcarbamato)-; 2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-benzdioxol-4-yl N-methylcarbamate; 2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-ol methylcarbamate; 2,2-Dimethylbenzo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl methylcarbamate; 2,3-Isopropylidene-dioxyphenyl methylcarbamate; Bencarbate; Bendiocarb; Bendiocarbamate; Bendiocarbe [ISO-French]; Carbamic acid, methyl-, 2,3-(dimethylmethylenedioxy)phenyl; ester; Carbamic acid, methyl-, 2,3-(isopropylidenedioxy)phenyl; ester; Dycarb; Ficam; Ficam 80W; Ficam B; Ficam D; Ficam ULV; Ficam W; Ficam Z; Ficam ulv' ul; Fisons NC 6897; Garvox; Methylcarbamic acid 2,3-(isopropylidenedioxy)phenyl ester; Multamat; Multimet; Niomil; Rotate; Seedox; Seedox 80W; Tatoo; Tattoo; Turcam; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Carbamate Insecticides

Description

Odorless white crystals formulated as dusts, granules, wettable powders, and sprays; [EXTOXNET]

Sources/Uses

Used as a carbamate insecticide in homes and industries; also used in seed treatment; Most formulations are for general use, but Turcam and Turcam 2.5G are Restricted Use Pesticides. [EXTOXNET] Has been used to protect crops and in homes to kill mosquitoes and household pests; [ACGIH]

Comments

The oral LD50 (rats) = 34-156 mg/kg. Skin absorption is the most like route of occupational exposure. [EXTOXNET] Eliminated in urine of human volunteer within 22 hours of oral dosing; Not irritating to the skin; No evidence of skin sensitization in animal testing; "In a pesticide surveillance study in the UK from 2004-2012, 175 (2.6%) of the 6689 pesticide exposures involved benediocarb. None of these cases was fatal or graded as severe." [ACGIH] See "CARBAMATE INSECTICIDES."

Restricted

Voluntarily cancelled as of December 31, 2001; [Reference #2]

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - BENDIOCARB

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Acetylcholinesterase activity in red blood cells = 70% of individual's baseline; Butylcholinesterase activity in serum or plasma = 60% of individual's baseline; Sample at end of shift; [TLVs and BEIs]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction and vapor

Vapor Pressure

3.45E-5 mm Hg

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Carbamate

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: