Agent Name

Sodium nitroprusside dihydrate

CAS Number

13755-38-9

Formula

C5-Fe-N6-O.2Na.2H2-O

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Disodium nitroprusside dihydrate; Disodium pentacyanonitrosylferrate(2-) dihydrate; Sodium nitroferricyanide dihydrate; Sodium nitroprussiate dihydrate; Sodium nitrosylpentacyanoferrate(III) dihydrate; Ferrate(2-), pentacyanonitrosyl-, disodium, dihydrate; Ferrate(2-), pentakis(cyano-C)nitrosyl-, disodium, dihydrate, (OC-6-22)-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Biochemical Research

Description

Transparent ruby-red solid with almost no odor; [Merck Index] Hygroscopic solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a reagent for the detection of many organic and inorganic compounds and as an antihypertensive drug; [Merck Index] "In physiology research, sodium nitroprusside is frequently used to test endothelium-independent vasodilation. . . . Sodium nitroprusside is also used in the presence of buffers as a reagent for ketone strips, which test the ketone levels in the urine of a diabetic. Colour change on the strip indicates the relative concentration of ketones." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Causes excitement, respiratory stimulation, and nausea or vomiting in subcutaneous lethal-dose studies of mammals, frogs, and pigeons; Human ingestion of 180 mg/kg causes other cardiac changes, acute pulmonary edema, and stomach ulceration; [RTECS] May cause irritation; Toxic by ingestion; May cause cyanosis; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Sodium nitroprusside." See "Sodium thiocyanate."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.