Agent Name

Sodium phosphide

CAS Number

12058-85-4

Formula

Na3-P

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Trisodium phosphide; [ChemIDplus] Trinatrium phosphid (German); Fosfuro de trisodio (Spanish); Phosphure de trisodium (French); Phosphure de sodium (French); [HSDB] UN1432

Category

Phosphides

Description

Red or grey solid; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used in various chemical reactions, as a catalyst, and for polymer production; [HSDB]

Comments

Produces phosphine on contact with water; [ERG] Reacts with water forming sodium hydroxide and phosphine; [HSDB] See "PHOSPHIDES." See "Phosphine."

Exposure Assessment
Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: