Agent Name

Trehalose

CAS Number

99-20-7

Formula

C12-H22-O11

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

alpha-D-Glucopyranoside, alpha-D-glucopyranosyl; alpha-D-Trehalose; Ergot sugar; Mycose; Natural trehalose; [ChemIDplus] alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside; Mushroom sugar; alpha,alpha-Trehalose; [Merck Index] D-Trehalose anhydrous; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Category

Disaccharides

Description

Dihydrate: Solid; [Merck Index] White or nearly white solid; [JECFA] White crystalline powder; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Disaccharide present in fungi, bacteria, yeasts, and insects; Used to stabilize cells during freeze-drying and air-drying, as a sweetener and stabilizer in foods, and as an additive in cosmetics; [Merck Index] Used as a texturizer, stabilizer, humectant, and sweetener in foods; [JECFA]

Comments

Not toxic or mutagenic in subchronic toxicity studies; [ToxPlanet: Health Council of the Netherlands] The dihydrate is the product of commerce (CAS# 6138-23-4); [JECFA] May cause irritation; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Links to Other NLM Databases
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