Agent Name

Trimethylamine-N-oxide

CAS Number

1184-78-7

Formula

C3-H9-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Trimethyloxamine; Trimethylammonium oxide; Triox; Methanamine, N,N-dimethyl-, N-oxide; N,N-Dimethylmethanamine N-oxide; Trimethylamine, N-oxide (8CI); [ChemIDplus] TMAO; [Merck Index] Trimethylamine oxide; [FDA] TMANO; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Category

Amine Oxides

Description

Colorless solid; Highly hygroscopic; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Present in marine organisms; Used in organic synthesis (oxidizing agent); [Merck Index] Used to make quaternary ammonium compounds, as an insect attractant, and a warning agent for flammable gas; [ChemIDplus] Used as flavoring agent or adjuvant; [FDA]

Comments

The dihydrate is CAS# 62637-93-8; May cause skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritation; [Merck Index] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] A skin and strong eye irritant; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

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