Agent Name

Tributyl citrate

CAS Number

77-94-1

Formula

C18-H32-O7

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, tributyl ester; 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, 1,2,3-tributyl ester; 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, tributyl ester; Butyl citrate; Butyl citrate (VAN); Citric acid, tributyl ester; Citroflex 4; n-Butyl citrate; Tri-n-butyl citrate; Tributyl 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate; [ChemIDplus] 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid 1,2,3-tributyl ester; Citric acid tributyl ester; [Merck Index]

Category

Esters, Other

Description

Colorless or light yellow odorless liquid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in polishes, inks, and nitrocellulose lacquers (plasticizer and solvent) and as an anti-foam agent; [Merck Index]

Comments

No adverse effects observed in 6-8-week oral study of rats at doses up to 20,000 mg/kg/day; [ToxPlanet: EC: CSTEE] Causes somnolence and vascular changes in intraperitoneal lethal-dose studies of mice (LD50 = 2,900 mg/kg); [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Acros Organics MSDS]

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