Agent Name

Sodium citrate dihydrate

CAS Number

6132-04-3

Formula

C6-H8-O7.2H2-O.3Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, sodium salt, hydrate (1:3:2); 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, trisodium salt, dihydrate; Citric acid, trisodium salt, dihydrate; Trisodium citrate dihydrate; [ChemIDplus] 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid, trisodium salt, dihydrate; [ICSC]

Category

Organic Acids, Metal Salts

Description

White odorless solid; [Merck Index] Colorless odorless crystalline powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in blood collection (anticoagulant), photography, and food production (sequestering agent, emulsifier, and acidulant); [Merck Index] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] May cause irritation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Sodium citrate, anhydrous."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: