Agent Name

Allergens, baking industry

Major Category

Biological Agents

Category

Plant-Derived Allergens

Comments

Occupational asthma documented [Malo]: Flour (wheat, rye and soya)--bakers or millers Gluten--baker; Buckwheat--baker; Lathyrus sativus (grass pea)--flour handlers; Soybean lecithin--bakers; Saccharomyees cerevisiae (baker's yeast)--baker; Konjac flour--flour handler; White Lupin flour--food processor; Causes of contact urticaria in bakers: Flour; alpha-Amylase, Cellulase; Xylanase; Balsam of Peru; Cinnamic aldehyde; and Benzaldehyde; [Kanerva, p. 1274] Bakerss may develop both immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions to flour. The additive, cinnamon, has caused allergic contact dermatitis in bakers. Ammonium persulfate, a cause of contact urticaria, has been banned as an additive in some countries. Benzoyl peroxide can cause allergic contact dermatitis, and alpha-amylase can cause contact urticaria in bakers. Irritant contact dermatitis is less common today because of mechanization of the industry. [Marks, p. 324]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

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Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: